Depressive disorders are a set of conditions characterized by feelings of profound sadness, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, low self-esteem, and a variety of other symptoms that negatively affect the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. As a depression psychologist, my goal is to help individuals understand and manage these symptoms, and to support them on their journey to recovery.
Symptoms of depressive disorders
- Persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, or «emptiness.»
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that used to be enjoyed.
- Difficulty sleeping, waking up too early, or sleeping too much.
- Loss of energy or constant fatigue.
- Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt.
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions.
How the psychologist treats depression
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) : This is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thought and behavior patterns that contribute to depression.
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) : This type of therapy focuses on improving the individual’s relationship and communication skills.
- Behavior Activation Therapy (BT) : This approach focuses on helping the individual re-engage in pleasurable and meaningful activities.
Recovery from depressive disorders
|Type of Depressive Disorder||Description||Common Treatment|
|Major Depressive Disorder||A disorder characterized by episodes of profound sadness and hopelessness, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, difficulty sleeping, and trouble concentrating.||Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), antidepressant medication.|
|Dysthymia||Also known as persistent depressive disorder, dysthymia is a chronic form of depression where symptoms are less severe but last longer.||Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), antidepressant medication.|